Research on geology, geophysics, and petrology of impact structures (meteorite impact craters)
A FIELD GUIDE TO THE AZUARA IMPACT STRUCTURE ] Route ] STOP 1 ] STOP 2 ] STOP 3 ] STOP 4 ] STOP 5 ] STOP 6 ] STOP 7 ] Stages of Crater ] [ References ]



Aurell, M. (1994). Discusión sobre algunas de las evidencias presentadas a favor del impacto meteorítico de Azuara. - In: Extinctión y registro fósil (E. Molina, ed.), Cuadernos Interdisciplinares No 5, 59 - 74, Seminario Interdisciplinar de la Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza (Mira Editores).

Bischoff, L. & Oskierski, W. (1987). Fractures, Pseudotachylite, Veins and Breccia Dikes in the Crater Floor of the Rochechouart Impact structure, SW-France, as Indicators of Crater Forming Processes. In: J.Pohl (ed.), Research in Terrestrial Impact structures, 141 pp., Vieweg.

Casas, , A. et al. (2000). Syn-tectonic sedimentation and thrust-and-fold kinematics at the intra-mountain Montalbán Basin (northern Iberian Chain, Spain). Geodinamica Acta, 1, 1-17.

Carls, P. (1983). La zona asturoccidental-leonesa en Aragón y el macizo del Ebro como prolongación del macizo cantábrico. - In: Libro Jubilar J.M. Rio, (Comisión Nacional de Geología, ed.), Contribuciones sobre temas generales, IGME; III, 11-32.

Carls, P. & Monninger, W. (1974). Ein Block-Konglomerat im Tertiär der östlichen Iberischen Ketten (Spanien). - N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh., 145, 1 - 16.

Chao, E.C.T. (1977). The Ries crater of southern Germany. A model for large basins on planetary surfaces. - Geol. Jb., A43, 81 p.

Chao, E.C.T., Hüttner, R. & Schmidt-Kaler (1978). Aufschlüsse im Ries-Meteoriten-Krater. - Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt (ed.), 84 pp., München.

Croft, S.K. (1981). The modification stage of basin formation. In: Multi-ring Basins, Proc. Lunar Plant. Sci., 12A, 227-257.

Ernstson, K., Hammann, W., Fiebag, J. & Graup, G. (1985). Evidence of an impact origin for the Azuara structure (Spain). - Earth Planet. Sci. Let., 74, 361 - 370.

Ernstson, K., Feld, H. & Fiebag, J. (1987). Impact hypothesis for the Azuara structure (Spain) strengthened. - Meteoritics, 22, 373.

Ernstson, K. & Claudín, F. (1990). Pelarda Formation (Eastern Iberian Chains, NE Spain): Ejecta of the Azuara impact structure. - N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Mh., 1990, 581 - 599.

Ernstson, K. & Fiebag, J. (1992). The Azuara impact structure: New insights from geophysical and geological investigations. - Geol. Rundschau, 81, 403 - 427.

Ernstson, K., Rampino, M.R., Anguita, F., Hiltl, M. & Siegert, I.: Shock deformation of autochthonous conglomerates near the Azuara impact structure, Spain. - Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program, v. 31, p. A-122., 1999.

Fiebag, J. (1988). Zur Geologie der Azuara-Struktur (NE-Spanien). Kartierung im Gebiet zwischen Herrera de los Navarros und Aladrén und süd-östlich von Almonacid de la Cuba sowie spezielle Untersuchungen der Breccien und Breccien-Gänge vor dem Hintergrund einer Impaktgenese der Azuara-Struktur. - Doctoral thesis, 271 pp., Fak. Geowiss., Würzburg.

Gault, D.E. & Greely, R. (1978). Exploratory experiments of impact craters formed in viscous-liquid targets; analogs for Martian rampart craters? Icarus, 34, 486-495.

Graup. G. (1999). Carbonate-silicate liquid immiscibility upon impact melting: Ries Crater, Germany. Meteoritics Planet. Sci., 34, 425-438.

Hradil, K., Schüssler, U. & Ernstson, K. (2001). Silicate, phosphate and carbonate melts as indicators for an impact-related high-temperature influence on sedimentary rocks of the Rubielos de la Cérida structure, Spain. Abstract, this workshop.

Hörz, F., Ostertag, R. & Rainey, D.A. (1983). Bunte breccia of the Ries: Continuous deposits of large impact craters. - Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 21, 1667 - 1725.

Hüttner, R. (1969). Bunter Trümmermassen und Suevit. - Geol. Bavarica, 61, 142 - 200.

ITGE. (1991). Memoria Hoja n.° 40 (Daroca) del Mapa Geológico de España. E. 1:200.000.

Katschorek, T. (1990). Geologische Untersuchungen am N-Rand der Azuara-Struktur (NE-Spanien). Erläuterungen zu einer Kartierung 1 : 20 000 des Gebietes zwischen Fuendetodos und Belchite unter besonderer Berücksichtigung struktureller Merkmale. - Diploma thesis, 198 pp., Würzburg.

Kieffer, S.W. & Simonds, C.H. (1980). The role of volatiles and lithology in the impact cratering process. Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 18, 143-181.

Kotra. R.K. et al. (1983). Carbon dioxide loss in experimentally shocked calcite and limestone. Lunar Planet. Sci., 14, 401 - 402.

Lambert, P. (1981). Breccia dikes: geological constraints on the formation of comples craters. - In: Multi-ring Basins, Proc. Lunar Planet. Sci., 12A, 59-78.

Lange, M.A. & Ahrens, T.J. (1986). Shock induced CO2 loss from CaCO3; implications for early planetary atmospheres. Earth Planet. Sci. Let., 77, 409-418.

Mayer, G. (1991). Geologische Untersuchungen am SE-Rand der Azuara-Struktur (NE-Spanien). Geologische Kartierung im Maßstab 1 : 20 000 unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der tektonischen Verhältnisse und vor dem Hintergrund einer Impaktgenese der Struktur. - Diploma thesis, 216 pp.,Würzburg.

Metzler, A., R. Ostertag, H.-J. Redeker & D. Stöffler (1988) Composition of the crystalline basement and shock metamorphism of crystalline and sedimentary target rocks at the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada. Meteoritics, 23, 197-207.

Melosh, H.J. (1989). Impact cratering. A geologic process. - Oxford Univ. Press. 245 pp.

Moissenet, E., Canerot, J. & Pailhé, P. (1972). Géologie et relief dans la région de Montalbán (province de Teruel). - Melanges Casa Velasques, 8, 1 - 47.

Neathery et al. (1997) The Wetumpka Impact Structure and Related Features, a guidebook prepared for the 1997 annual meeting of the Southeastern Section Geological Society of America.

Oberbeck, V.R. (1975). The role of ballistic erosion and sedimentation in lunar stratigraphy. - Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 13, 337 - 362.

Ocampo, A.C., Pope, K.O. & Fischer, A.G. (1997). Carbonate ejecta from the Chixculub crater: evidence for ablation and particle interactions under high temperatures and pressures. - Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., XXVIII, 1035 - 1036.

Pohl, J. (1983) Playing with the Z-model. - Meteoritics, 18, 376 (abstract).

Pohl, J., Stöffler, D., Gall, H. & Ernstson, K. (1977). The Ries impact crater. - In: Impact and Explosion Cratering (D.J. Roddy, R.O. Pepin, R.B. Merrill, eds.), Pergamon Press, 343 - 404.

Rampino, M.R., Ernstson, K., Fischer, A.G., King, D.T., Ocampo, A., and Pope, K.O. (1996). Characteristics of clasts in K/T debris-flow diamictites in Belize compared with other known proximal ejecta deposits: Abstracts with Prog., Geol. Society of America, v. 28, p. A-182.

Rampino, M. R., Ernstson, K., Anguita, F., and Claudin, F. (1997). Striations, polish, and related features of clasts from impact-ejecta deposits and the "tillite problem". Abstracts, Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, p. 47.

Rampino, M. R., Ernstson, K., Anguita, F., Claudin, F., Pope, K.O., Ocampo,A., and Fischer, A. G., (1997). Surface features of clasts from impact-ejecta deposits and the "tillite problem". Abstracts with Prog.,Geological Society of America, v. 29.

Shoemaker, E.M. (1960). Penetration mechanics of high velocity meteorites, illustrated by Meteor Crater, Arizona. In: Int. Geol. Congr., 21st, Copenhagen, Proc. Sec. 18, 418-434.

Siegert, I. (1997). Mikrothermometrische und petrographische Untersuchungen an Quarziten der Azuara-Rubielos de la Cérida-Doppelstruktur (Spanien). - Diploma thesis, 72 pp., Bremen.

Stöffler, D. & Langenhorst, F. (1994). Shock meatmorphism of quartz in nature and experiment: I. Basic observation and theory. Meteoritics, 29, 155-181.

Warme, J. E., and Sandberg, C. A., 1996, The Alamo megabreccia: Record of a Late Devonian impact in southern Nevada: GSA Today, v. 6, p. 1-7.

Wilshire, H.G. et al. (1972). Geology of the Sierra Madera cryptoexplosion structure, Pecos County, Texas. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper, 599-H, 42 pp.

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